The Past Societies 4

Redaktor: Przemysław Urbańczyk

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Tytuł: The Past Societies 4. Polish lands from the first evidence of human presence to the Early Middle Ages: 500 BC - 500 AD
Redaktor tomu: Aleksandra Rzeszotarska-Nowakiewicz
Wydawca:  Instytut Archeologii i Etnologii PAN
Miejsce:  Warszawa
Rok wydania: 2016
Język:  angielski
Liczba stron:  344
Format:  A4
Okładka:  twarda
ISBN:  978-83-63760-91-5


As far as Polish archaeology is concerned, the time has clearly come for preparing such a synthesis, since the previous work of this kind (Prahistoria ziem polskich l-V) was published over 25 years ago. The new discoveries, new interpretations, and new research approaches developed by the new generation of scholars studying the material remains of the past urgently require a proper synopsis. [...]
The present volumes are the work of 60 authors formally divided into five teams. In order to curb the "separatist" effects of the traditional systematization of prehistory and protohistory (into the Palaeolithic Era, the Mesolithic Era, the Neolithic Era, the Bronze Age, the Iron Age, and the Early Middle Ages), we employed a strictly chronological criterion: volume one encompasses the period between ca. 500,000 BC and 5,500 BC; volume two - between 5,500 BC and 2,000 BC; volume three - between 2,000 BC and 500 BC; volume four - between 500 BC and 500 AD; and volume five - between 500 AD and 1000 AD. Such an artificial division mitigates the sharpness of the traditional "pivotal moments" and at the same time emphasizes the accelerating nature of socio-cultural changes. [...]

Spis treści

Aleksandra Rzeszotarska-Nowakiewicz

Chapter 1 - Societies of the younger segment of the early Iron Age in Poland (500-250 BC)
Karol Dzięgielewski
The change. To the borders of a lowland ecumene 20 The time of change
Early connections with the Celts - southern Poland as a contact zone
The Jastorf world moving south
Autarchy and acculturation: the end of an epoch

Chapter 2 - The societies of West Bait Barrow culture, 500 BC-1 AD
Mirosław J. Hoffmann, Aleksandra Rzeszotarska-Nowakiewicz
Habitation sites - dwellings - subsistence - settlement patterns
Grave sites - graves - burial rite

Chapter 3 - It's a Man's World... Germanic societies of the Jastorf and the Przeworsk cultures in southern and central Poland (300 BC-10 AD)
Andrzej Maciałowicz
Societies of the Jastorf culture in the Polish Lowland (4th/3rd—2nd c. BC)
Jastorf culture's Gubin group societies in south-western Poland (3rd—1st c. BC)
A time of change - a time of men. Przeworsk culture societies in central and southern Poland (2n0-1st c. BC)

Chapter 4 - Pomorze in the final centuries BC
Anna Strobin
Tough beginnings
Stability and growth
Their way of life - cemeteries
The feminine model
Fierce warriors
The power of iron
Major change

Chapter 5 - With gold and sword. Contacts of Celts and early Germanics in central Europe. The historical background: 3rd-1st c. BC
Andrzej Maciałowicz, Marcin Rudnicki, Anna Strobin
Bastarnae and Scirii: shadows on the Black Sea
An age of mercenaries and plunderers
The great migration of the Cimbri and Teutones
Lugius and Boiorix
The rise and the decline of the Lugian age - the start of the Vandal era
The North

Chapter 6 - Przeworsk culture society and its long-distance contacts, AD 1-350
Bartosz Kontny
Historical background and internal differences
Warriors and their equipment
Burial rite and cemeteries. Prospects for the reconstruction of attires and social positions
The economy
Sanctuaries and the sacral sphere

Chapter 7 - The society of Wielbark culture, AD 1-300
Adam Cieśliński
Definition and origin
Settlement changes
Historical interpretations
The funeral rite and ritual behavior
The social structure
The tasks for the future

Chapter 8 - The Bait societies in Poland, 1-500 AD
Anna Bitner-Wróblewska, Aleksandra Rzeszotarska-Nowakiewicz
The appearance and development of the Bogaczewo culture
On the north-eastern periphery. Sudovian culture
Archaeology of the landscape - settlement and economy
Burial customs
Social structure, the emergence of elites
Contacts and connections

Chapter 9 - Societies in the lands of Poland, from 350 AD until 500 AD
Judyta Rodzińska-Nowak
Introduction - societies in the lands of Poland in the Roman period
The beginning of change
The Great Migration
Towards New Times